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  • 제목 A&A Vol.4 No.2. 2020(Sep.) - 우경봉(Kyoungbong Woo)
    게시판 구분   Find Articles 작성일   2020-09-29 오후 1:47:01
    작성자   관리자 조회   98 회
    첨부파일   0402_4_우경봉.pdf 파일용량   2091.75 KByte

    정당 지지에 대한 세대별 차이 고찰

    An Empirical Study on Difference of Approval Rate for the Political Parties among Generations

     

     

    우경봉(Kyoungbong Woo)

    Korea National Open University

     

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to observe whether intergenerational differences exist in support among major Korean political parties and, if so, how they exist, based on the results of the survey conducted nationwide. To achieve the purpose of the study, a questionnaire was prepared based on conjoint analysis, and the collected data was analyzed by applying a random parameter logit model. The main results of model analysis are summarized as follows. First, among the policy variables, statistically significant results were observed in the generation of 20s and 30s for the education variable. It was found that both 20s and 30s aimed for equal education at a higher level than other generations. Especially, the highest intensity aim for equal education culture was observed in the 20s. Second, the coefficients of major political parties were observed with a high level of statistical significance. This appears to be a result suggesting that voters decide on their voting behavior through thorough policy comparisons in addition to comprehensive consi- deration on various current issues. Third, a clear support for conservative parties was observed in the generation of 20s. A clear and intense distribution of preference for political parties classified as conservatives was observed in the 20s generation, which can be said to be mainly college students. This seems to be a profound founding related to the issue of “conservatization of the 20s,” which has recently become a hot topic in Korean society. Fourth, a high level of support for progressive parties was observed in the 30s and 40s. The Justice Party can be classified as a minority party in the National Assembly House as of January 2019. Nevertheless, it was maintained at a relatively high level in national recognition, and it is presumed that the background was high level of support from the 30s and 40s. Fifth, a large level of standard deviation was observed in the preference for conservative parties in the 50s. This means that some respondents who are in their 50s or older strongly support the Liberty Korea Party, and some respondents in the same generation strongly disapprove it. Due to this countervailing power, it seems that the average support level for the Liberal Korean Party is low in the generations of 50s and older.?

     

    Keywords

    Approval rate, Generation, Conjoint Analysis, Random Parameter Logit


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